HIGH LINE

Parque Lineal en Linea Ferrea NY
martes 9 de junio de 2009

Este tema ya lo había mencionado en el blog anteriormente( parque Publico en lineas Ferreas NY) ahora se los comparto nuevamente pero ya como una obra construida, ya realidad, inaugurado recientemente en la Ciudad de New York, Realizado por Diller Scofidio + Renfro El proyecto es Conocido como The High Line , no puedo decir mucho pues el tema ya se dio, y si lo desean retomar aca esta.
[ parque Publico en lineas Ferreas NY ]

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INVESTIGACIÓN

About the Park

The High Line was originally constructed in the 1930s, to lift dangerous freight trains off Manhattan’s streets. Section 1 of the High Line will soon open as a public park, owned by the City of New York and operated under the jurisdiction of the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Friends of the High Line is the conservancy charged with raising private funds for the park and overseeing its maintenance and operations, pursuant to an agreement with the Parks Department.

When all sections are complete, the High Line will be a mile-and-a-half-long elevated park, running through the West Side neighborhoods of the Meatpacking District, West Chelsea and Clinton/Hell’s Kitchen. It features an integrated landscape, designed by landscape architects James Corner Field Operations, with architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, combining meandering concrete pathways with naturalistic plantings. Fixed and movable seating, lighting, and special features are also included in the park.

Access points from street level will be located every two to three blocks. Many of these access points will include elevators, and all will include stairs.

The High Line is located on Manhattan’s West Side. It runs from Gansevoort Street in the Meatpacking District to 34th Street, between 10th & 11th Avenues. Section 1 of the High Line, which opened to the public on June 9, runs from Gansevoort Street to 20th Street.

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HIGH LINE HISTORY

The High Line was built in the 1930s, as part of a massive public-private infrastructure project called the West Side Improvement. It lifted freight traffic 30 feet in the air, removing dangerous trains from the streets of Manhattan’s largest industrial district. No trains have run on the High Line since 1980. Friends of the High Line, a community-based non-profit group, formed in 1999 when the historic structure was under threat of demolition. Friends of the High Line works in partnership with the City of New York to preserve and maintain the structure as an elevated public park.

The project gained the City’s support in 2002. The High Line south of 30th Street was donated to the City by CSX Transportation Inc. in 2005. The design team of landscape architects James Corner Field Operations, with architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, created the High Line’s public landscape with guidance from a diverse community of High Line supporters. Construction on the park began in 2006. The first section, from Gansevoort Street to 20th Street, is projected to open in June 2009.

1847
The City of New York authorizes street-level railroad tracks down Manhattan’s West Side.

1851 – 1929
So many accidents occur between freight trains and street-level traffic that 10th Avenue becomes known as Death Avenue. For safety, men on horses, called the West Side Cowboys, ride in front of trains waving red flags.

1929
After years of public debate about the hazard, the City and State of New York and the New York Central Railroad agree on the West Side Improvement Project, which includes the High Line. The entire project is 13 miles long, eliminates 105 street-level railroad crossings, and adds 32 acres to Riverside Park. It costs over $150 million in 1930 dollars—more than $2 billion today.

1934
The High Line opens to trains. It runs from 34th Street to St. John’s Park Terminal, at Spring Street. It is designed to go through the center of blocks, rather than over the avenue, to avoid creating the negative conditions associated with elevated subways. It connects directly to factories and warehouses, allowing trains to roll right inside buildings. Milk, meat, produce, and raw and manufactured goods come and go without causing street-level traffic.

1950s
Growth of interstate trucking leads to a drop in rail traffic, nationally and on the High Line.

1960s
The southernmost section of the High Line is demolished.

1980
The last train runs on the High Line pulling three carloads of frozen turkeys.

Mid-1980s
A group of property owners lobbies for demolition of the entire structure. Members of this group own land under the High Line that was purchased at prices reflecting the High Line’s easement. Peter Obletz, a Chelsea resident, activist, and railroad enthusiast, challenges demolition efforts in court and tries to re-establish rail service on the Line.

1999
Friends of the High Line is founded by Joshua David and Robert Hammond, residents of the High Line neighborhood, to advocate for the High Line’s preservation and reuse as public open space.

March 2002
Friends of the High Line gains first City support—a City Council resolution advocating for the High Line’s reuse.

October 2002
A study done by Friends of the High Line finds that the High Line project is economically rational: New tax revenues created by the public space will be greater than the costs of construction.

December 2002
The City files with the federal Surface Transportation Board for railbanking, making it City policy to preserve and reuse the High Line.

January – July 2003
An open ideas competition, “Designing the High Line,” solicits proposals for the High Line’s reuse. 720 teams from 36 countries enter. Hundreds of design entries are displayed at Grand Central Terminal.
View Competition Entries

July 2003
Friends of the High Line and the City jointly testify before the Surface Transportation Board in support of High Line reuse.

March – September 2004
Friends of the High Line and the City of New York conduct a process to select a design team for the High Line. The selected team is led by James Corner Field Operations, a landscape architecture firm, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, an architecture firm, and experts in horticulture, engineering, security, maintenance, public art, and other disciplines.
View the High Line Design

September 2004
The State of New York, CSX Transportation, Inc. (the railroad company), and the City of New York jointly file with the Surface Transportation Board to railbank the High Line.

April 2005
An exhibition showcasing the preliminary design by James Corner Field Operations and Diller Scofidio + Renfro opens at the Museum of Modern Art.

June 2005
The Surface Transportation Board issues a Certificate of Interim Trail Use for the High Line, authorizing the City and railroad to conclude railbanking negotiations.

November 2005
The City takes ownership of the High Line from CSX Transportation, Inc., (which donates the structure), and the City and CSX sign a Trail Use Agreement. Taken together, these two actions effectively preserve the High Line south of 30th Street.

April 2006
Groundbreaking is celebrated on the High Line with the lifting of a rail track. The first phase of construction on Section 1 of the High Line begins.

April 2006
Construction begins on Section 1 (Gansevoort Street to 20th Street). Tracks, ballast, and debris are removed, and the tracks are mapped, tagged, and stored (some will be reinstalled in the park landscape). This is followed sandblasting of steel, repairs to concrete and drainage systems, and installation of pigeon deterrents underneath the Lin

2008
Landscape Construction begins on Section 1, with construction and installation of pathways, access points, seating, lighting, and planting.

June 2008
Final designs are released for the High Line’s transformation to a public park.

Spring 2009 (Projected)
Section 1 (Gansevoort Street to 20th Street) opens to the public.

2010 (Projected)
Section 2 (20th Street to 30th Street) opens to the public.

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MI OPINIÓN

Así como en ocasiones la inspiración nos falla, o buscamos la palabra exacta y no la encontramos, como los que desean y nunca encuentran, así mismo, pareciera la historia de este original y bellísimo parque. En la ciudad en donde los parques son conocidos como los nidos de ratas más grandes del mundo, ahí. En New York, dejando a un lado las pretensiones típicas de solo ir a visitar esta ciudad para ir de compras, hoy podemos hallarnos con un pretextos más entre, las visitas comunes al Empire State, el Centro Rockfeller, la Estatua de la Libertad ( por cierto, famosa, y sin ser de verdad para esta ciudad, un error fantástico), el edificio Chrysler (mi favorito por cierto), y demás demostraciones arquitectónicas que solo constan en construcciones que miran al cielo.

Ahora podemos observar una belleza que no solo comenzó como simple capricho, sino, por buscar un bien hacia los mismos habitantes de esta ciudad, quitando ya los rudimentarios ferrocarriles, así como historicamente en este sitio, peligrosos, se pudo prospectar un parque. Bueno no solo un parque, todo una expresión formada en la mente y ojos de Diller y Scofidio.

Tal vez podamos empezar a aprender de estos ejemplos de imaginación, de no darse por vencidos a pesar de los años, de poder mirar con la otra cara, y no solo utilizar nuestra ya conocida doble moral mexicana. Para poder formar lugares de esparcimiento, en un contacto próximo con la naturaleza y así tal vez podamos dar el siguiente paso.


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